Nouns and its usage.
In SSC CGL, Paper-II(English Section) consists 200 Qs (200 marks). More than 50% questions are based on grammar directly or its applications. These Grammar rules will help you in BANK exams as well. Therefore we have decided to help you with Grammar. We already cover article, preposition, one-word substitution, phrases and idioms etc.
Today we will provide Nouns and its usage.
Noun is the name of anything like person, place, thing.
Nouns are of five types
1. Proper Noun
2. Common Noun
3. Collective Noun
4. Material Noun
5. Abstract Noun
PROPER NOUNS AND ITS USAGE: Proper nouns are those which denotes a particular thing, person, place.
EXAMPLE: The Mahabharata is a sacred book.
Sita is a good girl.
COMMON NOUNS AND ITS USAGE: Common nouns are used to represent a class of objects rather than an individual.
EXAMPLE: Man is mortal.
The cow gives us milk.
COLLECTIVE NOUNS AND ITS USAGE: A Collective noun denotes a group of person or things of the same kind, taken as a unit.
EXAMPLE: A herd of cattle.
A staff of employees.
MATERIAL NOUN AND ITS USAGE: Material noun refers to materials or substances which a thing may be made.
EXAMPLE: The ring is made of gold.
Steel is hard.
ABSTRACT NOUN: Abstract nouns are used to denote the quality or state or action or virtue of a person or thing.
EXAMPLE: Honesty is the best policy.
Rule 1: Some nouns look singular but have plural meaning.
EXAMPLE: Children, gentry, cattle, cavalry, people, poultry, infantry, police, clergy, peasantry etc.
Rule2: Some nouns are always used in singular form.
EXAMPLE: Knowledge, luggage, baggage, scenery, furniture, poetry, advice, information, hair, stationery, bread, mischief, business, language, crockery, postage, wastage, money, jewelry etc.
Rule 3: Some nouns looks plural in form but have the singular meaning.
EXAMPLE: Droughts, news, Physics, Mathematics, Economics, Statistics, Phonetics, Linguistics, ethics, mechanics, measles, mumps, billiards, rickets, innings, politics, summons etc.
Rule 4: Some nouns are same in the singular as well as in plural form.
EXAMPLE: team, jury, deer, crew, series, species, sheep, trout, pike, counsel etc.
Rule 5: Some nouns can be pluralized if the indefinite countable adjective is used before them.
EXAMPLE: Dozens of eggs, Hundreds of people, Millions of dollars, many pairs shoes, etc.
If a definite countable adjective is used before them they are not pluralized.
EXAMPLE: two hundred rupees, three dozen pencils.
Rule 6: Some nouns always remain in plural.
EXAMPLE: amends, annals, archives, ashes, assets, arrears, athletics, species, scissors, auspices, trousers, pants, clippers, bellows, gallows, fangs, goggles, eyeglasses, lees, odds, outskirts, particulars, proceeds, proceedings, riches, spectacles, surroundings, tidings, tactics, shambles,tongs,vegetables etc.
Rule 7: If same noun is repeated after the preposition, the noun will be in the singular.
EXAMPLE: Sunita enquired from door to door.
Ship after ship is arriving.
Rule 8: NOUN-GENDER
- Some nouns which are always in the masculine gender.
EXAMPLE: Power, Sun, Summer, Time, Thunder, Violence, Tiger.
- Some nouns are specifically used for feminine gender.
EXAMPLE: Tigress, lioness, peace, nature, earth, goddess, blonde, maid.
- Some nouns are called as Common gender
EXAMPLE: advocate, student, teacher, child, clerk, politician, enemy, client, musician, candidate, author, writer, worker, leader, president, neighbor.
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